About this Book
With the much-expected departure of the Soviet Union and its army in February 1989, it was supposed to mark the end of the war, but it was not so. The regime of Najibullah which was aided by the Soviet security assistance went on to build alliances around the country. With an army of around 65,000 men and an air force of as many as 200 planes and
helicopters and also with well-paid military units, the government forces of Afghanistan were able to hold off the mujahideen. This fact became much clearer in May 1989 when the city of Jalalabad in eastern Afghanistan was attacked by a number of mujahideen groups, but failed to seize the same.
The disparate mujahideen groups which were dubbed as “Peshawar Seven” failed to cooperate and even fought among themselves. Najibullah was given full support by the Soviet Union and therefore, fought for three years. In March 1992, after the demise of the Soviet Union, Najibullah stopped fighting but he was still unable to leave the country. Therefore, he took refuge in the UN compound where he remained until he was seized by the Taliban in 1996.
With the series of wars and political unrest in Afghanistan, it is difficult to chart an exact course for the future events. The victory of the Taliban with the presence of black-turbaned fighters who have been riding their trucks triumphantly into Kabul represents the greatest unlikelihood of the Westerns abandoning the Afghan regime. The assistance of the security might be considered as the forefront of the allied agenda which would allow the withdrawal of some of the ISAF’s combat forces. The reintegration of the Afghan citizens and the reconciliation with all of the Taliban might occur quite faster than the expectations of the Western powers.