About this Book

During December 2005, there was an investigation that was conducted at the Seoul National University (SNA), South Korea had observed that the scientist named Hwang Woo Suk was responsible for fabricating the results on the deriving of the patient-matched stem cells out of the cloned embryos. This was the major setback in this field. During May 2005, Hwang made an announcement that a major advance in the creation of the human embryos in using the various cloning methods as well as in the isolation of human stem cells out of the cloned embryos. The series of developments and the advancements have contributed significantly to the existing debate during the 109th Congress upon the ethical and moral implications of cloning of the human beings. The medical scientists in various other labs, like the University of California at San Francisco and the Harvard University intended to produce the cloned embryos of human beings such as for deriving the stem cells for several medical researches on Parkinson’s disease, diabetes and several other diseases and illness.

President Bush had made an announcement during August 2001 that it was the first time that the federal funds will be used for supporting the research on the human embryonic stem cells. However, funding could be limited or restricted to the existing human stem cell lines. The federal funds would not be utilized for the human embryonic cloning for any kind of purpose including the research of the stem cell. During July 2002, the Council on Bioethics of the President had unveiled its report upon human cloning and its research that had suggested a ban on reproductive ways of cloning and a 4 year moratorium on human cloning for the purpose of medical research. The ethical problems or issues that were surrounding the reproductive cloning process including relief of suffering or moral status of the embryos had impacted several proposals for bans, regulation, restrictions, and various uses of funding.

During January 2002, National Academies had released the “Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning”. This proposal had suggested that the ban by the United States on the human cloning was aimed at the creation of a child. This also suggested that the ban should be enforced and would carry substantial penalties. The panel had noted the ban should be restated within a span of 5 years. However, panel had decided that cloning for the production of stem cells should be made permissible due to the presence of great potential for the development of several therapies and the advancement of the biomedical knowledge.

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