This in an excerpt from this book
The Cuban missile crisis, commonly known as the Caribbean crisis in Russian terms and October crisis in Cuban terms is the time highlighting the juxtaposition between the Soviet Union, Cuba, and the United States. It is often considered as the cold war of Cuba which was extended to a great level that there was a major possibility of the conversion of the cold war into a nuclear war between the two countries. The Soviet Union started installing the missiles in Cuba as they wanted Americans to emit the missiles placed in Turkey and Italy. Another reason was the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 by America which developed a huge fear of another attack in Cuba in the minds of USSR (Soviet Union).In 1959, Fidel Castro was given the power and was considered as the new government of Cuba. Using his power Castro took over the important American business and as a result, American Government foreclosed buying goods and services from Cuba. On February 7, 1962, new tension arouse that Soviet would invade America through Cuba. As Cuba was very close to America, it was quite obvious that the missiles thrown by the Soviet would reach the American cities which can not only harm the people residing their but also pulverize the American businesses.
The theory mainly focuses on the crisis and consequences that occurred due to the cold war. It mainly happened due to the miscommunications, misinterpretations, and misunderstandings between the two countries. As American had once tried the Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba, the Soviet Union suspected that the Americans would invade Cuba again. In that fear, Nikita Khrushchev, the Soviet premier decided to place the missiles in Cuba to protect the region from another invasion. The American government was quite alert as they knew that Soviet will do some harmful act after the failure of Bay of Pigs invasion. However, the prediction came to be true when the Americans observed the missiles placement in Cuban on October 14, 1962. The crisis sustained for 11 days until the John F Kennedy, the formal president of US came to the final agreement with the U Thant. The agreement stated that the missiles placed in Cuba should be ruined on the condition that Americans will no more attack Cuba. Khrushchev also had a secret agreement with Kennedy to remove the Jupiter and Thor missiles located in the Turkey and Italy. However, Kennedy accepted his terms but desired not to reveal this to the public. This misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and America was converted into a major crisis. Though the problem could be sorted through a proper communication, Soviet wished to take a revenge on the Americans using the weapons and missiles on its own soil.
According to the several surveys and sources, the war was almost transformed into the nuclear war but somehow the meetings and agreement between the two rescued the life of thousands of people and a lot of property.
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