About this Book

The word Biology has been derived from two Greek words, ‘Bios’ meaning ‘Life’ and ‘Logos’ meaning ‘Study’ and thus is defined as the science that carries out studies of life, living organisms, and their evolution.

Biology is concerned with carrying out studies of physical structure, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development, evolution and chemical processes taking place within a living organism. For biology, ‘cell’ is regarded to be the basic unit of life, ‘gene’ as the basic unit of heredity and ‘evolution’ is considered to be the engine that is responsible for driving the processes of creation and extinction of species.

The person possessing the knowledge of biology has the opportunities to work in a variety of fields, namely Research, healthcare, environmental conservation, education, forensic science, biotechnology, economics, business and industries, government policies and many others.

It has been seen that biology also referred to as the study of life has facilitated the people in shaping up the world to some extent. Within biology lies many reliable and credible answers that explanation as to why the things happen in a scientific manner.

The field of biology consists of numerous research fields and like, the other fields of sciences make use of the scientific method for procuring results. This gives the biologists the appropriate space and the chance that they require for display of ideas along with the evidence and also provides with the opportunity of testing others’ ideas for their own selves.

Summary

In today’s time, Biology is considered to be a modern science, however, the origins within this field were noticed till late, starting from the early nineteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century. The origins that took place in the field were based on a variety of traditions, practices and the areas of inquiry that began in the antiquity. Since the traditional times, the history of biology focus over the two areas that merge together to form the modern biological science namely, medicine and natural history.

Biology is considered to be as one of the basic subjects that are studied by all at primary levels such as in schools. This is essential as it facilitates the person in making an accurate choice regarding their professional careers. Whether a person aspires to become a doctor, an engineer, nurse, psychologist, chemist, scientist or even a teacher; one makes its decisions based on all the basic knowledge that it has acquired in its life and then chooses the best out of all on the basis of his/her interests.

The people associated with carrying out studies of biological fields are referred to as Biologists. They look into the behavior and working of animals and other organisms and also carries out studies of the interaction taking place between an organism and its external environment etcetera. The biology was earlier introduced as natural historyand since then it has continued to be a vital part of the field of science for 200 years.

The field of biology consists of numerous research fields and like, the other fields of sciences make use of the scientific method for procuring results. This gives the biologists the appropriate space and the chance that they require for display of ideas along with the evidence and also provides with the opportunity of testing others’ ideas for their own selves.

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