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Pre-History

The beginning of ‘Neolithic 1’culture has been marked by a 10,000 BCE temple in the south-eastern area of Turkey known as Gobekli Tepe and is the oldest place of worship constructed by man. There are no permanent houses in the locality which clearly states that the site was developed by nomads. Farming communities began to take its roots in Northern Africa, North Mesopotamia and Anatolia by 8500 to 8000 BCE.

According to Rakesh Tewari’s reports on Lahuradewa, India there are C14 datings which are from 9000 to 8000 BCE linked with rice which make Lahuradewa the earliest site of Neolithic age in whole of South Asia.

There are many relics which belong to the prehistoric Xinglongwa and Cishan culture and neolithic cultures of Taihang Mountains which have been found near the Yixian in Hebei Province of China at the Beifudi site and date back to 8000 to 7000 BCE. The area of excavation is more than 1200 square meters and consists of neolithic excavations of two different phases.

Created on dryland agriculture the Halafian culture was born in 5500 BCE in the areas of Palestine, Levant, Anatolia, Syria, Lebanon and Northern Mesopotamia.

The southern part of Mesopotamia witnessed less rains and required irrigation system. Ubaid culture thrived on the plains of Elam and Sumer from 5500 BCE.

Would you like to read more about this topic? This book might interest you: Asian History.