Albert Camus’ introduction
Albert Camus was an Algerian-French writer, novelist, metaphysical essayist playwright, and a Nobel prize-winner. While he was neither by formal training nor a philosopher by practice, his novels, studies, papers, essays, and speeches, it ranges from extremism and political extremism to even suicide and capital punishment. He made significant, influential inputs to a broad variety of topics in moral philosophy. He is often identified as an existentialist author although he denounced the tag himself. He initiated his literary profession as a political journalist in his native place, i.e., Algeria as an actor, playwright, and director. He eventually became involved in the Resistance activities while operating in occupied French territories during the Second World War, and worked as an editor-in-chief of the newspaper daily viz., Combat for the period 1944-47. By the mid-20th century, he had gained a global image and reader base, founded on the popularity of his three novels (The Plague, The Fall, and The Stranger) and two novel-length philosophical articles (The Rebel and The Myth of Sisyphus). That was in these plays that he presented and formed the dual philosophical concepts that made him a star — the principle of the Absurd and the thought of the Revolt.
These are the things people afford right away when they say the word Albert Camus being spoken today. The Absurd can be characterized as a philosophical conflict or disagreement arising from the involvement of the physical reality in an ultimately pointless and oblivious universe — with its ever-pressing search for balance and purpose in existence. Camus regarded the Absurd as a central, and even founding, characteristic of the modern human experience. Revolt’s notion applies both to a course of resolute intervention and a mental state. It that consume extreme manifestations such as extremism or a brazen and unfettered egoism (both of which Camus rejects), but ultimately, and in simpler terms, it comprises of an ideology of heroic resistance or defiance to something that persecutes human beings. The Nobel Prize Panel, in conferring Camus its literature award in the year 1957, listed his ongoing attempts to elucidate the human consciousness issue of the contemporary era.
By being a writer of morality and a promoter of creative literature as a medium of intellectual wisdom and spiritual reality, he was recognized by his age and is still revered today. He was at the height of his career — working on an autobiographical memoir, planning new theatre, movies, and television ventures, and still searching for a solution to his native land’s mutilated political turbulence — when he died unexpectedly in a road accident in 1960 January.
Would you like to read more about this topic? This book might interest you: Albert Camus’ Philosophy.