This in an excerpt from this book
History of science, since time immemorial, has embraced clearly defined interdisciplinary methods and perspectives, and other fields of human endeavor are beginning to buy into the pace set by sciences. Understanding science has become a more complex issue of discussion due to the numerous fields of study it embodies. In times past, the idea of science was confined to limited areas, like natural sciences, sociology, theology, philosophy and history. However, other fields like literary & cultural studies, political science, ethnology, and anthropology were added to the long list towards the twilights of the twentieth century. Such additions have successfully transformed science into an object of rigorous and engaging scholarly investigation.
The additions mentioned earlier, contributing their quotas to the dictates of science, have blurred its erstwhile defined boundaries, cutting off the distinction between what can be termed as historical and what is not in the definition of the field of sciences as a human activity.
In time past, some schools of thought held firmly to their impressionistic and subjective points of view regarding history, emphasizing that science is incapable of being made an embodiment of personal vision branch of literature or that if a nation, church or class that history represents. Be that as it may, science cannot be declared as laying claim to eternal and universal objectivity; rather, it prefers to be assessed as a point of view of the past giving and means of meeting the demands of the present day and the future. This factor justifies history as an integral part of scientific study.
Many insist at the aberration birthed with the inclusion of history as a science field, claiming its inclination towards the arts is more viable than its science-relationship. They maintained that history and all other ‘aberrant’ inclusions are visualized as fields with their purposes and structures widely differing from the dictates of the science field.
Nevertheless, the leading logicians, decisions makers and opinion leaders of the day do not get weighed down by the validity, or lack of it, of any of the fields, merged with science and for logical reasons too. These opinion leaders have their minds set rather on other science fields, like the natural sciences, involving the likes of physics and mathematics, which very few of them fully understand. Consequently, other related added fields, like the various human studies fields, especially history, are completely neglected. Ironically, many of them have more familiarity with the neglected fields than the fields they presently embrace.
History is based on facts. It deals with identifying, discovering and inferring, which are all traceable characteristics to the field of natural sciences. Since the specialists counter one another on the purported identity or place of history in the field of science, it behooves the recognized science authorities to proffer lasting and viable clarification on the identity saga. Just the same, the undeniable truth records history as the only region of human knowledge and experience where progress has been undeniably achieved.
The ebbed agreement among experts and specialists in the field of science compels the need to apply methods that are both authoritative and successful to automatically dictate the true place of each added field of study.
History, in the simplest term, relates to actions that man has taken and his experiences; these are often put into records to protect posterity. Man, being at the epicenter of science is the more or less a whole and three-dimensional object occupying space and time, and he is a subject of natural law, translating invariably to the fact that his wants can be placed on the scale of the empirical study, just like what obtains in the animal kingdom. All through the millennium, the basic needs of man, like procreation, shelter or food, remain constant, same for his physiological and biological inclinations and requirements. These needs of man interrelate with one another, and the process of such interrelationship forms the basis for virtually all included subject lines in the field of science, including history. Virtually all areas of human concerns in the field of science are explainable via psychological and biological processes, thereby ushering in a simplification and unification to virtually all fields of science.
Practically all the outcomes of human activities and behaviors play an exceptional role in influencing the way he lives, and the perfect explanation for this can be sought through mechanistic terms as a field of functional, casual or force correlations of natural process and human actions.
A more satisfactory explanation for these deductions is that Man forms the center of the field of science and a study of this outstanding field of human endeavor calls for a cursory look at human behavior among his fellows, and about his environment. Science in its entirety began with the man, and the compositions of sciences are all focused on meeting and satisfying his various needs, despite their insatiability. The best way to a full understanding of the science of human behavior is through a series of natural laws that connect the physiologic and biologic processes and states of the man with the observable system of his conducts, his social activities, and then establish coherent regularity systems that are clearly deducible from these natural laws. This will make room for elimination of certain immeasurable ideas like volitions, thoughts, feelings and other intermediate phenomena, which have hampering effect on the study of science due to their near-inexplicability.


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